Liposuction is a process by which fat is permanently removed through a suctioning process. It is not a substitute for weight loss, but rather a method of reshaping the body’s contours.
As we advance in life the body tends to remap the areas where it deposits most of the excess fat tissue. The flanks, lower abdomen and thighs become common targets in women; the abdomen, flanks and chest in men. Unfortunately losing sufficient weight to clear fullness in these areas commonly leads to excessive volume loss in the face, giving it a tired expression. In some people, even at a young age, there are stubborn fat tissue deposits, mostly around the thighs, which seem to be genetic.
Liposuction is the removal of fat from deposits beneath the skin using a hollow stainless steel tube called a cannula and a powerful vacuum. A procedure chosen by both men and women, it is not a method of weight reduction. Rather it is a way to remove stubborn fatty deposits that remain despite dieting, exercise or massage.
In the early days of liposuction the procedure involved using relatively large cannulae and was associated with extensive bruising and a higher risk of irregularities. Today liposuction uses much finer cannulae that cause less trauma to the tissues and allows fat to be removed in a much more controlled manner. These finer cannulae can be used closer to the skin surface to provide a superior result.
An earlier approach called Dry Technique Liposuction is no longer considered safe. Today, the world-wide standard of care is the Tumescent Technique.
In Tumescent liposuction the area to be treated is injected with a buffered salt solution before any fat is removed. This solution contains Adrenaline to control bleeding and a long-acting local Anesthetic to minimize discomfort after the procedure.